# 4. Getting started with the VimTeX plugin

This is part four in a seven-part series explaining how to use the Vim or Neovim text editors to efficiently write LaTeX documents. This article describes the excellent VimTeX plugin, a modular Vim and Neovim plugin that implements a host of useful features for writing LaTeX files.

Background knowledge: this article will make regular references to the file ftplugin/tex.vim, which we will use to implement LaTeX-specific Vim configuration through Vim’s filetype plugin system. To get the most out of this article, you should understand the purpose of the ftplugin/tex.vim file and have a basic understanding of Vim’s filetype plugin system. In case you are just dropping in now and these topics sound unfamiliar, consider first reading through the previous article in this series, which covers what you need to know.

This article gives an overview of the features VimTeX provides, offers some ideas of how to use these features from the practical perspective of a real-life user, and shows where to look in the documentation for details.

Given VimTeX’s superb documentation, what is the point of this guide? My reasoning is that many new users—I am often guilty of this too—quickly become overwhelmed when reading extensive plain-text documentation as a means of learning new software, and perhaps the Markdown syntax, animated GIFs, highlighted code blocks, and more personal tone in this article will make it easier for new users to digest what VimTeX offers.

My goal is certainly not to replace the VimTeX documentation, which remains essential reading for any serious user. Instead, I hope to quickly bring new users up to a level of comfort at which the documentation becomes useful rather than overwhelming, and to offer pointers as to where in the VimTeX documentation to look when interested in a given feature.

#### Getting started with VimTeX

Install VimTeX like any other Vim plugin using your plugin installation method of choice (reminder of series prerequisites). The requirements for using VimTeX are mostly straightforward, for example:

• a reasonably up-to-date version of Vim or Neovim
• filetype plugins enabled (place the line filetype-plugin-on in your vimrc or init.vim)
• UTF8 character encoding enabled (enabled by default in Neovim; place the line set encoding=utf-8in your vimrc).

See :help vimtex-requirements for details on requirements for using VimTeX.

Note that you will need a LaTeX compilation program (e.g. latexmk and pdflatex) installed on your computer to be able use VimTeX’s compilation features. You also need a Vim version compiled with the +clientserver feature to use VimTeX’s inverse search feature with PDF readers (note that +clientserver ships by default with Neovim). I cover compilation and setting up a PDF reader in the next two articles in this series, so you can postpone these requirements until then.

#### Some things to keep in mind

As you get started with the VimTeX plugin, here are a few things to keep in mind:

• Once you have installed VimTeX and meet the above-described requirements, you can check that VimTeX has loaded by opening a file with the .tex extension and issuing the command :VimtexInfo. If this opens a window with various system status information, VimTeX has loaded and you’re good to go.

If the command :VimtexInfo returns E492: Not an editor command: VimtexInfo, VimTeX has not loaded. Double-check that VimTeX is installed and that you meet the plugin requirements described just above in the section Getting started with VimTeX. If that fails and VimTeX still doesn’t load, scroll down to this article’s Appendix and see if problem of overriding VimTeX with a user-defined filetype plugin applies to you. If that fails, turn to the Internet for help.

• The VimTeX documentation, accessed in Vim with :help vimtex, is your friend. (If for some reason :help vimtex comes up empty after a manual installation, you probably haven’t generated helptags. Run the Vim command :helptags ALL after installing VimTeX to generate the VimTeX documentation; see :help helptags for background.)

• Most VimTeX features are enabled by default, and in these cases disabling features is up to the user. Inversely, VimTeX’s folding and text formatting features come disabled by default, and it is up to the user to enable them (see :help g:vimtex_fold_enabled and :help g:vimtex_format_enabled). Disabling and configuring features is described later in this article in the section on VimTeX’s options.

• As described in :help vimtex-tex-flavor, VimTeX overrides Vim’s internal ftplugin, i.e. the one in VIMRUNTIME/ftplugin, but respects any user-defined LaTeX configuration in ftplugin/tex.vim. ## Overview of features The VimTeX plugin offers more than any one user will probably ever require; you can view a complete list of features at :help vimtex-features, or see an online version on the VimTeX GitHub page. This article will cover the following features: • LaTeX-specific text objects (for environments, commands, etc.) and their associated operator-pending motions • Motion commands through sections, environments, matching delimiters, item lists, etc. • LaTeX-specific commands for manipulating environments, commands, and delimiters • Snippet-like insert mode mappings • Syntax highlighting, including support for common LaTeX packages and the potential for math context detection for snippet triggers VimTeX also provides a compilation interface and PDF viewer support, which I have left out of this article and describe in two dedicated articles later in the series. ## How to read VimTeX’s documentation of mappings First, a quick crash course in a very useful part of the VimTeX documentation. All of the mappings (i.e. keyboard shortcuts for commands and actions) provided by VimTeX are nicely described in a three-column list you can find at :help vimtex-default-mappings. You will probably return to this list regularly as you learn to use the plugin. Here is a representative example of what the list looks like: --------------------------------------------------------------------- LHS RHS MODE --------------------------------------------------------------------- <localleader>li <Plug>(vimtex-info) n <localleader>ll <Plug>(vimtex-compile) n csd <Plug>(vimtex-delim-change-math) n tse <Plug>(vimtex-env-toggle-star) n ac <Plug>(vimtex-ac) xo id <Plug>(vimtex-id) xo ae <Plug>(vimtex-ae) xo  To have a clear mental image of what’s going on here, you should understand how Vim mappings work, what the <leader> and <localleader> keys do, and what the <Plug> keyword means. If you want to learn about these topics now, take a detour and read through the final article in this series, 7. A Vimscript Primer for Filetype-Specific Workflows. For the present purposes, here is how to interpret the table: • Each entry in the middle (RHS) column is a Vim <Plug> mapping corresponding to a specific VimTeX feature (e.g. a command, action, or text object). For example, <Plug>(vimtex-info) displays status information about the VimTeX plugin and <Plug>(vimtex-ac) corresponds to VimTeX’s “a command” text object (analogous to Vim’s built-in aw for “a word” or ap for “a paragraph”). The meaning of every entry in the RHS column is described in a dedicated section of the VimTeX documentation, which can be jumped to by hovering over a RHS entry and pressing <Ctrl>]. • By default, VimTeX maps each entry in the RHS column to the short key combination in the LHS column. You are meant to use the convenient LHS shortcut to trigger the action in the RHS. For example, the key combination <localleader>li will display status information about VimTeX, while ac is the shortcut for VimTeX’s “a command” text object. • Each mapping works only in a given Vim mode; this mode is specified in the MODE column using Vim’s conventional single-letter abbreviations for mode names. For example, ae <Plug>(vimtex-ae) xo works in visual (x) and operator-pending (o) mode, while tse <Plug>(vimtex-env-toggle-star) n works in normal (n) mode. For more information about map modes and key mappings, see the Vim documentation section :help map-listing and the Vimscript article later in this series. The VimTeX documentation sections COMMANDS (accessed with :help vimtex-commands) and MAP DEFINITIONS (accessed with :help vimtex-mappings) list and explain the commands and mappings in the RHS of the above table. I recommend skimming through the table in :help vimtex-default-mappings, then referring to :help vimtex-commands or :help vimtex-mappings for more information about any mapping that catches your eye. ## Doing practical stuff with VimTeX’s mappings Following is a summary, with examples, of useful functionality provided by VimTeX that you should know exists. Again, nothing in this section is particularly original—you can find everything in the VimTeX documentation. Customization is easy: Before listing the VimTeX actions, I want to point out that every shortcut used to access them can easily customized to anything you like. I show how to do this a few paragraphs below in the section Customization is easy. But first, let’s see some practical LaTeX wizardry using VimTeX! ### Change and delete stuff You can… • Delete surrounding environments using dse: Delete the \begin{} and \end{} declaration surrounding a LaTeX environment without changing the environment contents using the default shortcut dse (works in normal mode, mapped to <Plug>(vimtex-env-delete)). For example, using dse in a quote environment produces: \begin{quote} dse Using VimTeX is lots of fun! --> Using VimTeX is lots of fun! \end{quote}  • Change surrounding environments using cse: Change the type of a LaTeX environment without changing the environment contents using the default shortcut cse (works in normal mode, mapped to <Plug>(vimtex-env-change)). For example, one could quickly change an equation to an align environment as follows: \begin{equation*} cse align \begin{align*} % contents --> % contents \end{equation*} \end{align*}  • Delete surrounding commands using dsc: Delete a LaTeX command while preserving the command’s argument(s) using the default shortcut dsc (works in normal mode, mapped to <Plug>(vimtex-cmd-delete)). For example, typing dsc anywhere inside \textit{Hello, dsc!} produces:  dsc \textit{Hello, dsc!} --> Hello, dsc!  The dsc mapping also recognizes and correctly deletes parameters inside square brackets, for example:  dsc \sqrt[n]{a} --> a  Here are the above two examples in action: • Delete surrounding delimiters using dsd: Delete delimiters (e.g. (), [], {}, and any of their \left \right, \big \big variants) without changing the enclosed content using the default shortcut dsd (works in normal mode, mapped to <Plug>(vimtex-delim-delete)). Here are two examples of deleting delimiters with dsd:  dsd (x + y) --> x + y dsd \left(X + Y\right) --> X + Y  Here are the above two examples in action: • Change surrounding delimiters using csd: Change delimiters (e.g. (), [], {}, and any of their \left \right, \big \big variants) without changing the enclosed content using the default shortcut csd (works in normal mode, mapped to <Plug>(vimtex-delim-change-math)). For instance, you could change parentheses to square brackets as follows:  csd [ (a + b) --> [b + b]  The csd command is “smart”—it recognizes and preserves \left \right-style modifiers. For example, csd [ inside \left( \right) delimiters produces:  csd [ \left(A + B\right) --> \left[A + B\right] % as opposed to [A + B]  Here are the above two examples in a GIF: • Delete surrounding math using ds: Delete surrounding math environments or the $ delimiters of LaTeX inline math without changing the math contents using the default shortcut ds$ (works in normal mode, mapped to <Plug>(vimtex-env-delete-math)).

Here is an example:

                ds 1 + 1 = 2 $--> 1 + 1 = 2  Conveniently, the ds$ works with all math environments, not just inline math.

• Change surrounding math using cs$: Change the surrounding math environment without changing the math content using the default shortcut cs$ (works in normal mode, mapped to <Plug>(vimtex-env-change-math)). When used inside inline math $ delimiters, changes the inline math to an environment name, enclosed in \begin{} and \end{} environment tags. Use cs$ $ to change math environments back to inline math. For example, you could change between inline math and an equation environment as follows:  cs$ equation
$1 + 1 = 2$       -->       \begin{equation}
1 + 1 = 2
\end{equation}
cs
\begin{equation}   -->  $x + y = z$
x + y = z
\end{equation}


Note the correct indentation inside the equation environment!

• Change surrounding commands using csc: Change a LaTeX command while preserving the command’s argument(s) using the default shortcut csc (works in normal mode, mapped to <Plug>(vimtex-cmd-change)).

As an example, you could change italic text to boldface text as follows:

                          csc textit
\textbf{Make me italic!}     -->      \textit{Make me italic!}


### Toggle-style mappings

The following commands toggle back and forth between states of various LaTeX environments and commands. You can…

• Toggle starred commands and environments using tsc and tse, which both work in normal mode and are mapped to <Plug>(vimtex-cmd-toggle-star) and <Plug>(vimtex-env-toggle-star), respectively.

The following example uses tsc in a \section command to toggle section numbering and tse inside an equation environment to toggle equation numbering:

                    tsc                       tsc
\section{Toggling}  -->  \section*{Toggling}  -->  \section{Toggling}

tse   \begin{equation*}   tse
x + y = z      -->        x + y = z      -->       x + y = z
\end{equation*}


Here are the above two examples in a GIF:

• Toggle between inline and display math ts$, which works in normal mode and is mapped to <Plug>(vimtex-env-toggle-math). The following example uses ts$ to switch between inline math, display math, and an equation environment

              ts$$ts 1 + 1 = 2 --> 1 + 1 = 2 --> x + y = z$  Here is the above example in a GIF: • Toggle surrounding delimiters using tsd: Change between plain and \left/\right versions of delimiters using the default shortcut tsd (works in normal and visual modes, mapped to <Plug>(vimtex-delim-toggle-modifier)). The following example uses tsd to toggle \left and \right modifiers around parentheses:  tsd tsd (x + y) --> \left(x + y\right) --> (x + y)  Delimiters other than \left \right (e.g. \big, \Big, etc.) can be added to the toggle list by configuring the g:vimtex_delim_toggle_mod_list variable; for a concrete example of how to do this, scroll down to the section Example: Changing the default delimiter toggle list. Here is an example with both \left \right and \big: tsD <Plug>(vimtex-delim-toggle-modifier-reverse) works like tsd, but searches in reverse through the delimiter list. The observed behavior is identical to tsd when the delimiter list stored in g:vimtex_delim_toggle_mod_list contains only one entry. • Toggle surrounding fractions using tsf: Toggle between inline and \frac{}{} versions of fractions using the default shortcut tsf (works in normal and visual modes, mapped to <Plug>(vimtex-cmd-toggle-frac)). Here is an example:  tsf tsf \frac{a}{b} --> a/b --> \frac{a}{b}  ### Motion mappings All of the following motions accept a count and work in Vim’s normal, operator-pending, and visual modes. You can… • Navigate matching content using %: Move between matching delimiters, inline-math $ delimiters, and LaTeX environments using the default shortcut % (works in normal, visual, and operator-pending modes (henceforth abbreviated nxo); mapped to <Plug>(vimtex-%)).

Here are some examples:

• Navigate sections using ]] and its variants: Jump to the beginning of the next \section, \subsection or \subsubsection, whichever comes first, using the default shortcut ]] (works in Vim’s nxo modes; mapped to <Plug>(vimtex-]])).

Use [[ to jump to the beginning of the current \section, \subsection or \subsubsection (in practice, this feels like jumping backward—try it yourself and see what I mean). See the similar shortcuts ][ and [] in the VimTeX documentation at :help <Plug>(vimtex-][) and :help <Plug>(vimtex-[]).

Here are the [[ and ]] motions in action:

• Navigate environments using ]m and its variants: Jump to the next or previous environment \begin{} command using the default shortcuts ]m and [m (work in Vim’s nxo modes; mapped to <Plug>(vimtex-]m) and <Plug>(vimtex-[m)).

Check the VimTeX documentation for the similar shortcuts ]M and [M, described in :help <Plug>(vimtex-]M) and :help <Plug>(vimtex-[M).

Here are some of the environment motion commands in action:

• Navigate math zones using ]n and its variants: Jump to the beginning of the next or previous math zone using the default shortcuts ]n and [n (work in Vim’s nxo modes; mapped to <Plug>(vimtex-]n) and <Plug>(vimtex-[n)). These motions apply to $...$, $...$, and math environments (including from the amsmath package) such as equation, align, etc.

Check the VimTeX documentation for the similar shortcuts ]N and [N, described in :help <Plug>(vimtex-]N) and :help <Plug>(vimtex-[N).

Here are some examples of moving through math zones:

• Navigate Beamer frames using ]r and its variants: Jump to the beginning of the next or previous frame environment (useful in slide show documents using the beamer document class) using the default shortcuts ]r and [r (work in Vim’s nxo modes; mapped to <Plug>(vimtex-]r) and <Plug>(vimtex-[r)).

Check the VimTeX documentation for the similar shortcuts ]R and [R, described in :help <Plug>(vimtex-]R) and :help <Plug>(vimtex-[R).

Here are some of the frame motions in action:

### Customization is easy

After seeing the VimTeX actions and mappings, I want to show how to customize the default shortcut you trigger them with. To customize the shortcut for a VimTeX action or motion, you need to know three things:

1. The motion’s <Plug> mapping, given above for each action and also shown in the three-column table in :help vimtex-default-mappings.

2. The Vim mapping mode (e.g. normal, visual, operator-pending, etc.) the <Plug> mapping works in; again from the table at :help vimtex-default-mappings or earlier in this article.

3. The action’s default shortcut (from :help vimtex-default-mappings or earlier in this article) and the custom shortcut you would like to use to replace it.

Example: Since that might sound abstract, here is a concrete example of setting a custom shortcut to trigger the “delete surrounding math” action. Following the steps listed above,

1. The action’s <Plug> map is <Plug>(vimtex-env-delete-math)
2. The action works in normal mode, so we will use nmap for remapping it (use xmap for visual mode, omap for operator-pending mode, etc.)
3. We will replace the default mapping, ds$ (which makes semantic sense but is a bit difficult to type), with the more convenient dsm. To implement this change, place the following code in your ftplugin/tex.vim (or similar): " Use dsm to delete surrounding math (replacing the default shorcut ds$)
nmap dsm <Plug>(vimtex-env-delete-math)


That’s it! You could then use dsm in normal mode to delete surrounding math. (For a background of what’s going on here, you can consult the final article this series, 7. A Vimscript Primer for Filetype-Specific Workflows.)

The key when redefining default mappings is to use your own, personally-intuitive LHS mapping (e.g. dsm) with VimTeX’s default <Plug> mapping (e.g. <Plug>(vimtex-env-delete-math)). VimTeX won’t apply the default LHS shortcut to any <Plug> mapping you map to manually (this behavior is explained in :help vimtex-default-mappings).

## Text objects

VimTeX provides a number of wildly useful LaTeX-specific text objects. If you don’t yet know what text objects are, stop what you’re doing and go learn about them. As suggested in :help vimtex-text-objects, a good place to start would be the Vim documentation section :help text-objects and the famous Stack Overflow answer Your problem with Vim is that you don’t grok vi.

VimTeX’s text objects are listed in the table in :help vimtex-default-mappings and described in more detail in :help vimtex-mappings; the text objects behave exactly like Vim’s built-in text objects (which are explained in :help text-objects) and work in both operator-pending and visual mode.

The section :help vimtex-text-objects gives a general overview of how text objects work, but does not actually list the text objects. For the curious, VimTeX’s mappings, including text objects, are defined in the VimTeX source code at around line 120 of vimtex/autoload/vimtex.vim in the function s:init_default_mappings() at the time of writing.

### Table of VimTeX text objects

For convenience, here is a table of VimTeX’s text-objects, taken directly from :help vimtex-default-mappings:

Mapping Text object
ac, ic LaTeX commands
ad, id Paired delimiters
ae, ie LaTeX environments
a$, i$ Inline math
aP, iP Sections
am, im Items in itemize and enumerate environments

The ad and id delimiter text object covers all of (), [], {}, etc. and their \left \right, \big \big, etc. variants, which is very nice. Here is a visual mode example of the delimiter and environment text objects:

### Example: Changing a default text object mapping

Every default mapping provided by VimTeX can be changed to anything you like, using the exact same procedure described a few sections above in Customization is easy. As an example to get you started with changing default mappings, VimTeX uses am and im for the item text objects (i.e. items in itemize or enumerate environments) and a$ and i$ for the math objects.

You might prefer to use (say) am/im for math (since $ is a bit difficult to reach) and ai/ii for items, and could implement this change by placing the following code in ftplugin/tex.vim (or similar): " Use am and im for the inline math text object omap am <Plug>(vimtex-a$)
xmap am <Plug>(vimtex-a$) omap im <Plug>(vimtex-i$)
xmap im <Plug>(vimtex-i\$)

" Use ai and ii for the item text object
omap ai <Plug>(vimtex-am)
xmap ai <Plug>(vimtex-am)
omap ii <Plug>(vimtex-im)
xmap ii <Plug>(vimtex-im)


You could then use the am and im mapping to access the math text object, or ai an ii to access items. Note that the mappings should be defined in both operator-pending and visual mode, so we use both omap and xmap (you would know this by checking the table at :help vimtex-default-mappings).

### Example: Disabling all default mappings and selectively defining your own

VimTeX also makes it easy to disable all default mappings, then selectively enable only the mappings you want, using the LHS of your choice. You might do this, for example, to avoid cluttering the mapping namespace with mappings you won’t use. From :help vimtex-default-mappings:

If one prefers, one may disable all the default mappings through the option g:vimtex_mappings_enabled. Custom mappings for all desired features must then be defined through the listed RHS -maps or by mapping the available commands.

To disable all VimTeX default mappings, place g:vimtex_mappings_enabled = 0 in your ftplugin/tex.vim (or similar), then manually redefine only those mappings you want using the same mapping syntax shown above in the Example section on Changing a default text object mapping. In case that sounds abstract, here is an example to get you started:

" An example of disabling all default VimTeX mappings, then selectively
" defining your own. This code could go in ftplugin/tex.vim.

" Disable VimTeX's default mappings
let g:vimtex_mappings_enabled = 0

" Manually redefine only the mappings you wish to use
" --------------------------------------------- "
" Some text objects
omap ac <Plug>(vimtex-ac)
omap id <Plug>(vimtex-id)
omap ae <Plug>(vimtex-ae)
xmap ac <Plug>(vimtex-ac)
xmap id <Plug>(vimtex-id)
xmap ae <Plug>(vimtex-ae)

" Some motions
map %  <Plug>(vimtex-%)
map ]] <Plug>(vimtex-]])
map [[ <Plug>(vimtex-[[)

" A few commands


This example, together with the list of default mappings in :help vimtex-default-mappings, should be enough to get you on your way towards your own configuration.

## Insert mode mappings

VimTeX provides a number of insert mode mappings, which are described in :help vimtex-imaps. VimTeX mappings provide a similar (but less feature-rich) functionality to snippets, described in an earlier article in this series. If you use a snippets plugin, you can probably safely disable VimTeX’s insert mode mappings without any loss of functionality.

VimTeX’s insert mode mappings are enabled by default; disable them by setting g:vimtex_imaps_enabled = 0 in your ftplugin/tex.vim file (configuring VimTeX’s option variables is covered in more detail in the Options section just below).

Although most users following this series will probably end up disabling VimTeX’s insert mode mappings, here are a few things to keep in mind:

• Use the command :VimtexImapsList (which is only defined if insert mode mappings are enabled) to list all active VimTeX-provided insert mode mappings.

Insert mode mappings are stored in the global variable in g:vimtex_imaps_list.

• VimTeX’s insert mode mappings are triggered with the prefix defined in the variable g:vimtex_imaps_leader, which is the backtick  by default.

• VimTeX offers a lot of room for configuration (e.g. using anonymous expansion functions). If you are interested in using its insert mode mappings, read through :help vimtex-imaps in detail.

## Options

VimTeX’s options are used to manually enable, disable, or otherwise configure VimTeX features (e.g. the delimiter toggle list, the compilation method, the PDF reader, etc.). VimTeX’s options are controlled by setting the values of global Vim variables somewhere in your Vim runtimepath before VimTeX loads (a good place would be ftplugin/tex.vim). You disable VimTeX features by un-setting a Vim variable controlling the undesired feature. Upon loading, VimTeX reads the values of any option variables you set manually and updates its default behavior accordingly.

VimTeX’s options are documented at :help vimtex-options; the documentation is clear and largely self-explanatory, and you should skim through it to see which options are available.

### Example: Disabling default features

The most common use case for VimTeX options is disabling default VimTeX features. Here is the general workflow:

1. While skimming through the VimTeX documentation, identify a feature you wish to disable. (Most of VimTeX’s features are enabled by default, and it is up to the user to disable them.)
2. From the documentation, identify the Vim variable controlling a VimTeX feature; the variable is usually clearly listed in the documentation.
3. Set the appropriate variable value (usually this step amounts to setting a g:vimtex_*_enabled variable equal to zero) somewhere in your ftplugin/tex.vim file (or similar).

As a concrete example, one could disable VimTeX’s indent, insert mode mapping, completion, and syntax concealment features by placing the following code in ftplugin/tex.vim:

  " A few examples of disabling default VimTeX features.
" The code could go in ftplugin/tex.vim.
let g:vimtex_indent_enabled   = 0      " turn off VimTeX indentation
let g:vimtex_imaps_enabled    = 0      " disable insert mode mappings (e.g. if you use UltiSnips)
let g:vimtex_complete_enabled = 0      " turn off completion
let g:vimtex_syntax_enabled   = 0      " disable syntax conceal


These are just examples to get you started; in practice, you would of course tweak the settings to your liking after identifying the appropriate variables in the VimTeX documentation.

### Example: Changing the default delimiter toggle list

Here is another real-life example: to add \big \big to the delimiter toggle list used by VimTeX’s “toggle surrounding delimiter” feature (see the earlier section on Toggle-style mappings), add the following code to you ftplugin/tex.vim file (or similar):

" Example: adding \big to VimTeX's delimiter toggle list
let g:vimtex_delim_toggle_mod_list = [
\ ['\left', '\right'],
\ ['\big', '\big'],
\]


The tsd <Plug>(vimtex-delim-toggle-modifier) mapping would then use both \left \right and \big \big. The VimTeX documentation explains configuring the delimiter list in more detail at :help g:vimtex_delim_toggle_mod_list.

Hopefully the above two examples give you a feel for setting VimTeX options; the VimTeX documentation should be able to take things from here.

## Commands

The VimTeX plugin provides a number of user-defined commands, and these are listed and described in the documentation section :help vimtex-commands. The commands mostly cover compilation, PDF reader integration, and system and plugin status; we will return to VimTeX’s commands when explaining compilation and PDF reader integration in the next two articles in this series.

There is nothing much I have to say about the commands themselves that the documentation wouldn’t say better; I suggest you skim through :help vimtex-commands and see if anything strikes your fancy.

As a side note, most but not all VimTeX commands can be triggered by default using a shortcut in the LHS of the three-column list in :help vimtex-default-mappings. For those commands without a default shortcut mapping, defining one can be as simple as a single line of Vimscript. Here is an example, which you could place in ftplugin/tex.vim, that makes the key combination <leader>wc call the VimTeX command VimtexCountWords:

" Example: make <leader>wc call the command VimtexCountWords;
" you might place this code in ftplugin/tex.vim.


(This mapping uses the <Cmd> keyword, which is a Vimscript best practice when defining mappings that specifically call commands—see :help map-cmd for details.)

## Syntax highlighting

VimTeX provides syntax highlighting that improves on Vim’s built-in syntax plugin for LaTeX. For most use cases VimTeX’s syntax features should “just work” out of the box, and you won’t need to do any configuration yourself (if you’re interested in details, see :help vimtex-syntax). I can think of three things worth mentioning:

• VimTeX provides correct syntax highlighting for a number of common LaTeX packages; this means, for example, that the align environment provided by the amsmath package or code listings using the minted package will be correctly highlighted. Again, you shouldn’t need to configure any of this manually, but you might appreciate knowing the package-highlighting feature exists. See :help vimtex-syntax-packages and g:vimtex_syntax_packages for details.

• VimTeX’s syntax engine is “context-aware” (e.g. can distinguish regular text from LaTeX’s math mode). This feature makes possible math-sensitive snippet expansion, which was explained in the snippets article earlier in this series.

• VimTeX provides a feature called “syntax-concealment”, which replaces various commands, such as math-mode commands for Greek letters, with a shorter Unicode equivalent. For example, the \alpha command would appear as the character α in your terminal. See :help vimtex-syntax conceal if you are interested in this feature.

## Other features

Here are a few more features to look into to learn about once you master the basics:

• VimTeX offers a ready-to-go compilation interface, which I cover in detail in the next article in the series.

• VimTeX also offers ready-to-go PDF viewer integration, which I cover in a dedicated article later in the series.

• VimTeX provides completion of citations and reference labels, together with integration with common autocompletion plugins. See :help vimtex-completion for more information.

• VimTeX’s code-folding features are covered at :help vimtex-folding and the references therein. You have a lot of power here if you like code folding, but you may have to configure a few things yourself before the feature is practically useful.

• VimTeX provides indentation features that improve on Vim’s default indentation plugin for LaTeX. You can read about VimTeX’s indentation at :help vimtex-indent, which is just a list of references to associated configuration settings. VimTeX’s indentation is enabled by default and should “just work” for most use cases, but there are plenty of configuration option for those who so choose.

• Solutions for linting and grammar checking are described at :help vimtex-lint and :help vimtex-grammar, respectively; I have not used these features myself and cannot offer any advice.

• Finally, VimTeX offers a few useful navigation features, covered in the documentation at :help vimtex-navigation. Here is a short summary:

• You can navigate a LaTeX document from within Vim via a table of contents, which VimTeX builds by parsing the document for \section commands and their variations. You can read more about the table of contents feature at :help vimtex-toc.
• You can jump to the TeX source code of packages, style files, and documents included with \include{} and \input{} using the gf shortcut; you can read more about this feature at :help vimtex-includeexpr
• You can access the documentation of LaTeX packages imported with \usepackage{} using the :VimtexDocPackage command, which is mapped to K by default. See :help vimtex-latexdoc for more information.

If you are new to Vim, the VimTeX plugin loads without any problem, and you have no idea what I’m talking about here, don’t worry and skip it. The point is to make sure that VimTeX loads, and if VimTeX loads for you without issues, you’re good to go.

Warning aside, here is the potential problem: the VimTeX plugin respects (and will not override) a user-defined tex filetype plugin. You must be careful though—there is a risk of your tex filetype plugin overriding VimTeX! Namely, VimTeX will not load if you set the Vimscript variable let b:did_ftplugin = 1 in your user-defined tex plugin, for example with the common piece of boilerplate code shown below

" This common piece of boilerplate code would prevent VimTeX from loading if...
" ...placed in a user-defined LaTeX filetype plugin, e.g. ~/.vim/ftplugin/tex.vim.
if exists("b:did_ftplugin")
finish
endif
let b:did_ftplugin = 1
" Using a variable like b:did_my_ftplugin will solve the problem.


Here is the problem: VimTeX also uses the variable b:did_ftplugin to avoid loading twice in the same Vim buffer. User-defined filetype plugins load before VimTeX, so if you set let b:did_ftplugin = 1, then VimTeX will see b:did_ftplugin = 1 and not load (you can see this behavior for yourself in the VimTeX source code in the file vimtex/ftplugin/tex.vim).

If you want to use both VimTeX and your own tex filetype plugin and currently have let b:did_ftplugin = 1 in your own plugin, just change to a variable name like b:did_my_ftplugin instead, which won’t conflict with VimTeX’s use of b:did_ftplugin.

(The let b:did_ftplugin = 1 business is a standard safety mechanism described in the Vim documentation at :help ftplugin` that gives the user control over loading filetype plugins.)

The original writing, images, and animations in this series are licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.